Thesis Or Dissertation
Israeli and Palestinian Archaeological Inventories, GIS and Conflicting Cultures in the Occupied West BankAbstract: Effective protection and management of cultural heritage resources in a specific region requires planning strategies and policies, which rely on the sum of existing information about archaeology and cultural heritage. The role of archaeological inventories in the process of heritage management is, therefore, central and critical, as they are supposed to convey our present state of knowledge and be the basis on which management priorities are decided. This dissertation examines existing Israeli and Palestinian archaeological and architectural inventories covering the occupied West Bank, as well as assessing the role of Geographic Information Systems for heritage management in this region. Its main objectives are twofold: first, it explores the nature of archaeological records and the way they reflect particular research interests and heritage management priorities; and second, it examines variability in data quality, coverage, accuracy and reliability. By examining recording emphasis in West Bank inventories, this research interrogates the ways in which social, political, ideological or cultural values may affect different aspects of data collection and management. The assessment of different inventories through comparison, analysis and fieldwork, sheds light on current Israeli and Palestinian approaches to documentation and data management, as well as broader issues associated with the collection and use of information about the past in contexts of cultural conflict. Framed within the political context of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, this research has theoretical considerations and practical implications. On the theoretical side, it raises awareness of personal, academic and national interests, the ways they are manifested in archaeological inventories, and the means by which they dictate the process of cultural knowledge production. On the practical side, it provides a set of recommendations for ways to improve current data management and dissemination strategies, and thereby encourage more efficient decision-making processes and better protection and preservation of heritage sites in the West Bank.
ArticleAbstract: Archaeology has a long tradition of volunteer involvement but also faces considerable challenges in protecting and understanding a geographically widespread, rapidly dwindling and ever threatened cultural resource. This paper considers a newly launched, multi-application crowdsourcing project called MicroPasts that enables both community-led and massive online contributions to high quality research in archaeology, history and heritage. We reflect on preliminary results from this initiative with a focus on the technical challenges, quality control issues and contributors motivations.
Bevan, Andrew; Pett, Daniel; Bonacchi, Chiara; Keinan-Schoonbaert, Adi; Lombraña González, Daniel; Sparks, Rachael; Wexler, Jennifer; Wilkin, Neil
ArticleAbstract: This paper offers a brief introduction to MicroPasts, a web-enabled crowd-sourcing and crowd-funding project whose overall goal is to promote the collection and use of high quality research data via institutional and community collaborations, both on- and off-line. In addition to introducing this initiative, the discussion below is a reflection of its lead author’s core contribution to the project and will dwell in more detail on one particular aspect of MicroPasts: its relevance to research and practice in public archaeology, cultural policy and heritage studies.
Bonacchi, Chiara; Bevan, Andrew; Pett, Daniel; Keinan-Schoonbaert, Adi; Sparks, Rachael; Wexler, Jennifer; Wilkin, Neil
Book ContributionAbstract: Nineteenth-century stone bottles used for liquid blacking and alcohol are among the most frequently recovered nineteenth-century objects. Such items often display proprietary marks that provide tantalizing hints about the former owners or use of the bottle and have received considerable attention from collectors, archaeologists and curators. This chapter, based upon the systematic analysis of branded stone bottles recovered from the pioneering excavations at Hungate, York, UK (2006-2011), examines in detail a stamp placed upon these at the behest of the state: an excise mark. Aside from their value in terms of dating an archaeological find, these marks have been little studied in comparison to proprietary marks. The chapter shows that these marking practices can be interpreted as a state control mechanism that regulated production and shaped the conduct of citizens. In carrying out these stamping processes, people accorded a degree of authority to these marks and those responsible for their monitoring. As well as highlighting the diversity of ‘branding’ displayed upon commodities, the mundane stone bottle provides us with an opportunity to synthesize historiographies of statehood and power in the late eighteenth- and nineteenth centuries.