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BookAbstract: Japan has a long history of cartography but it was only with the advent of commercial printing and publishing in the early seventeenth century that maps became everyday objects. In the course of the Edo period (1600-1868) an extraordinary quantity of maps were printed for popular sale and distribution, all printed xylographically (with woodblocks). Some of these were frequently revised and updated, and towards the end of the period colour-printed maps became commonplace. The British Library has an unusually large collection of xylographic maps produced in Japan, most in the Map Collection but a significant quantity in the Japanese Collection as well, but hitherto there has been no classified catalogue of them. This catalogue provides bibliographic descriptions of all the pre-modern Japanese maps that it has been possible to identify in the various collections of the British Library. There may be some others that have been miscatalogued and hence not identified. The maps included are Japanese maps not solely in the sense of maps of Japan but also in the sense of maps of other localities (China, Korea, and the world) which were produced in Japan. Most of the maps listed are either manuscripts or xylographs (printed with woodblocks), but a few nineteenth-century items are copperplate engravings. In the context of Japan, the term ‘pre-modern’ is usually taken to indicate the Edo period (1600-1868) but no hard and fast cut-off date is applied in this catalogue: all xylographic maps are included whenever they were printed.
Kornicki, Peter Francis
DatasetAbstract: A set of catalogue records for photographs (created 1850-1950) that are held at the British Library. Export from the Integrated Archives and Manuscripts System of only CC0 published records. Personal or sensitive information has been removed. This dataset was created specifically for the Legacies of Catalogue Descriptions and Curatorial Voice: Opportunities for Digital Scholarship project to demonstrate computational analysis of catalogue data using corpus linguistic methods and tools.
British Library; Moretto, Nicolas
DatasetAbstract: The data in this collection comprises the bibliographic metadata for all UK doctoral theses listed in EThOS, the UK's national thesis service. We estimate the data covers around 98% of all PhDs ever awarded by UK Higher Education institutions, dating back to 1787. Thesis metadata from every PhD-awarding university in the UK is included. You can investigate and re-use this unique collection of UK universities' PhD thesis data to analyse trends in postgraduate research, make connections between researchers, apply large data analysis, improve citation of theses and many more applications.
British Library; Rosie, Heather
ArticleAbstract: The Korean royal manuscript Gisa jinpyori jinchan uigwe (Record of the Presentation Ceremony and Banquet in the Gisa year), a single volume of 94 folios of illustrations and text, was acquired by the British Museum from a vendor in Paris in 1891, having apparently become separated from a group of manuscripts brought to France in 1866-7. It is now in the collection of the British Library. The manuscript was intended to record and illustrate in detail the ceremonies and edicts conducted in 1809 to celebrate the sixtieth anniversary of the consummation of the marriage of Prince Sado with Lady Hyegyeong (1735-1815). As such, it also is an important testimony to the reinstatement of Prince Sado (1735-1762) in the royal genealogy.
hoegap, Changgyeongung Palace, 1809, Gyeongchunjeon (Hall of Bright Spring), jeongyo (royal edicts), Prince Sado, Uigwe, Changdeokgung Palace, Lady Hyegyeong, royal manuscripts, marriage, and Huijeongdang
ArticleAbstract: In 1839 the Ross Expedition to locate the Southern Magnetic pole was launched from Chatham. Over the next four years, this voyage of discovery would bring into sharper focus the land and seas surrounding the Antarctic region. Official reports and modern accounts of this voyage invariably situate the humans on board HMS Erebus and Terror as focal points for such narratives. The archive of Joseph Dalton Hooker, however, allows scholars to repopulate this voyage with its zoological inhabitants and replace a faunal silence with myriad animal noises.
Sharp Jones, Cam
ArticleAbstract: Introduction: This paper explores the value that academics in an information school assign to their digital files and how this relates to their personal information management and personal digital archiving practices. Method: An interpretivist qualitative approach was adopted with data from in-depth interviews and participant-led tours of their digital storage space. Analysis. The approach taken was thematic analysis. Results: Participants placed little value on their digital material beyond the value of its immediate use. They did not attach worth to their digital files for reuse by others, for sentiment, to project their identity or for the study of the development of the discipline or the study of the creative process. This was reflected in storage and file-naming practices, and the lack of curatorial activity. Conclusions: This paper is one of the first to investigate academics' personal information management and personal digital archiving practices, especially to focus on the value of digital possessions. The paper begins to uncover the importance of wider contextual factors in shaping such practices. Institutions need to do more to encourage academics to recognise the diverse types of value in the digital material they create.
Drosopoulou, Loukia; Cox, Andrew M.
ArticleAbstract: Felis catus, the only domesticated species of cat in the family Felidae, flourishes on every continent except Antarctica. Able to thrive in almost any climate and habitat, it is among the world's most invasive species. Current estimates of the global cat population, including pet, stray, and feral cats, range from 200 million to 600 million. Where there are humans, more than likely there are also cats.
Breedlove, Byron; Igunma, Jana
Archival strategies for contemporary collecting in a world of big data: Challenges and opportunities with curating the UK web archiveAbstract: In this contribution, we will discuss the opportunities and challenges arising from memory institutions' need to redefine their archival strategies for contemporary collecting in a world of big data. We will reflect on this topic by critically examining the case study of the UK Web Archive, which is made up of the six UK Legal Deposit Libraries: the British Library, National Library of Scotland, National Library of Wales, Bodleian Libraries Oxford, Cambridge University Library and Trinity College Dublin. The UK Web Archive aims to archive, preserve and give access to the UK web space. This is achieved through an annual domain crawl, first undertaken in 2013, in addition to more frequent crawls of key websites and specially curated collections which date back as far as 2005. These collections reflect important aspects of British culture and events that shape society. This commentary will explore a number of questions including: what heritage is captured and what heritage is instead neglected by the UK Web archive? What heritage is created in the form of new data and what are its properties? What are the ethical issues that memory institutions face when developing these web archiving practices? What transformations are required to overcome such challenges and what institutional futures can we envisage?
Bingham, Nicola Jayne; Byrne, Helena
WorkAbstract: دليل الخليج وعُمان ووسط الجزيرة العربية من قبل جون جوردون لوريمر قد تم إستخدامه منذ فترة طويلة كمصدر رئيسي لدراسة المنطقة. غير أنه من الضروري فهم سياقات إعداد الدليل من أجل تقدير مضمونه. منذ فترة طويلة يُشار إلى موسوعة جون جوردون لوريمر المكونة من ٥٠٠٠ صفحة بعنوان دليل الخليج وعُمان ووسط الجزيرة العربية بأنها "ليس لها نظير"، لأنها توفر "مصدراً لموضوعات متباينة مثل قصص سياسية، الاقتصاد، الرق، التلغراف والقبائل." ورغم أن العلماء والباحثين مازالوا يفحصون محتوى هذا الدليل - أو "دليل لوريمر" كما يشار إليه بإختصار - بحثاً عن معلومات، إلا أنه لا يولى إهتمام كاف إلى السياق الاستعماري لتلك المعارف.